Sacred hearts and pumps: cardiology and the conflicted body politic (1500-1900)

Sacred hearts and pumps: cardiology and the conflicted body politic (1500-1900)

This article examines how conflicting notions of the body politic between the pure and the non secular have contextualised the evolution of cardiology. After a quick take a look at the place of the coronary heart in biblical, patristic and medieval notions of the church, the article turns to the Reformation interval. While Martin Luther moved theological gravity to the particular person’s coronary heart and conscience, his up to date Michael Servetus described the pulmonary cycle in the context of an antitrinitarian theology condemned as theological and political heresy.

In the early trendy interval, nature conceived as creation grounded sovereign political authority, which science may then align with. Whereas William Harvey nonetheless adhered to an Aristotelian teleology, René Descartes and subsequent mechanistic contributions to cardiology had been flanked by an intense ‘cardiolatry’. Both, it’s argued, are two sides of the similar, nearly non-corporeal coin. The rising Enlightened epistemology allowed for a place distinct from each sovereign and ecclesial powers. The French Revolution was a paradigm shift: the ancien régime falls, and its Sacred Heart devotion is mocked; the new ‘Erastian’ state-university emerges as the context of cardiology.

These developments are mirrored in the lifetime of René Laënnec and in cultural interpretations of the coronary heart later in the 19th century. It is proven that the coronary heart as a doubly inscribed, each organic and non secular organ, performed a central function in theological, and subsequently political and scientific notions of the body politic. These proceed to hang-out the current, permitting us to interpret normative appeals to the coronary heart notably in political contexts. KSA is the largest sovereign nation in the Middle East and the largest free market economic system in the Middle East and North Africa.

A nationwide psychological well being coverage has been in existence since 2006, however psychological well being spending nonetheless is lower than in most different high-income international locations. The Ministry of Health has not too long ago begun creating a brand new healthcare system primarily based on a patient-centered mannequin of care that may combine care of psychological problems with care of bodily problems. Previous epidemiological analysis on psychological problems in KSA has been restricted, making the SNMHS vital for coverage planning functions to acquire correct estimates of prevalence, remedy, and obstacles to remedy.

Engineering Education in Cold War Diplomacy: India, Germany, and the Establishment of IIT Madras*


The Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT) was arrange with help of the Federal Republic of Germany between 1956 and 1974. It grew to become the largest, and lastly, a profitable techno-scientific schooling challenge undertaken by the Federal Republic outdoors of Germany. In this paper, I argue that the engagement of the Federal Republic at IIT Madras must be understood primarily as a challenge of Cold-War science and expertise diplomacy, which on the German aspect was geared toward stopping an Indian recognition of the German Democratic Republic as a sovereign nation.

In aiding the institution of IIT Madras, the Federal Republic got here into direct competitors with the Soviet Union, which supported IIT Bombay but additionally with the United States of America, which supported IIT Kanpur. The help to determine IIT Madras and its governance adopted primarily political tips, to which academic and scientific features had been rendered subordinate. When the challenge was in a disaster after the first State Treaty to determine IIT Madras expired in 1963, the political flagship challenge of the Federal Republic was not allowed to fail. Instead, the cooperation was reorganized and assist elevated.

Sacred hearts and pumps: cardiology and the conflicted body politic (1500-1900)

Narratives of Injustice: An Investigation of Toxic Dumping inside the Blackfeet Nation


For over 50 years, the individuals of the Amskapi Piikani (Blackfeet) Nation have relayed info of “one thing dangerous” being covertly dumped inside their remaining homelands. These tales, addressing contaminated waste and the areas of rumored dump websites, have additionally been linked with perceived most cancers clusters amongst residents who dwell inside the Blackfeet Nation. The idea of environmental injustice suggests that usually the most susceptible populations, together with communities of coloration, expertise the most adverse realities of environmental poisonous exposures, and it’s not unusual for poisonous wastes to be disposed of inside Native American lands.

Given that Blackfeet communities endure from a few of the highest charges of most cancers in the state of Montana, these narratives warrant additional investigation. This analysis examined whether or not illicit dumping inside Blackfeet sovereign lands will be substantiated and if this can be a case of environmental injustice. This investigation employed a mixture of each conventional Indigenous and Western-based scientific methodologies, each quantitative and qualitative.

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Traditional methodologies included the use of Indigenous oral narratives. These oral narratives are then additional knowledgeable with Western processes of doc overview and geologic, water, and radiation surveys. The authors discovered compelling proof by the oral histories and doc evaluations for poisonous dumping inside Blackfeet lands; nevertheless, cursory water and radiation surveys weren’t conclusive.

This preliminary inquiry supplies the basis for additional analysis wanted to press this investigation. Three focus teams had been carried out, wherein 26 individuals had been proven a prototype of a consumer interface for a self-sovereign blockchain-based PHR system (ie, a system wherein the particular person owns, has custody of, and controls entry to their private well being info) for use for privateness and safe well being information sharing. A microinterlocutor evaluation of focus group transcriptions was carried out to indicate a descriptive overview of participant responses. NVivo was used to code the classes of the responses.