Migrant in my own country: The long march of migrant workers in India during the COVID-19 pandemic 2020-Failure of postcolonial governments to decolonize Bihar and rebuild Indian civilization after 1947

Migrant in my own country: The long march of migrant workers in India during the COVID-19 pandemic 2020-Failure of postcolonial governments to decolonize Bihar and rebuild Indian civilization after 1947

The world is passing by way of the unprecedented disaster of COVID 19 pandemic. A big part of the world inhabitants has been dwelling underneath necessary mass quarantine, the lockdown, as a technique in the direction of slowing down the enlargement of the pandemic. This lockdown is being eased out throughout world in a part sensible method. India being one of the most populous nations is hardest hit by the pandemic and quickly the quantity of constructive circumstances is probably going to contact a million mark. Nothing has modified for the migrant workers by way of the previous three centuries, together with the first century of postcolonial India. Why are they known as migrant workers?

One of the most important phenomenons noticed during the Indian lockdown, has emerged as the long march of migrant workers from cities to their native locations. Bihar, one of the Indian provinces is the main supplier of migrant labourers for Indian agriculture and the business sectors. As depicted on social media and tv, the plight of migrants was disturbing and uncovered fashionable Indian democracy’s vulnerabilities. Many of them had to stroll on foot for 1000’s of kilometers, with their hungry households, from the industrial cities to their native locations.

Are they not residents of India? How come being Bihari-a native of Bihar province, one of the main sources of migrant workers in India, develop into a stigma? So how did the historic image of the most important accomplishments of Indian historical past, literature, science, and tradition come to be recognized with poor migrant workers’ picture? Bihar’s underdevelopment is commonly blamed on corrupt native politicians and caste politics. However, the historical past of migrant workers from Bihar and japanese Uttar Pradesh states of India is price a more in-depth consideration for doable options.

The phenomenon has a historic linkage with the fall of as soon as upon a time the nice Indian civilization; centuries of occupation, colonization, slavery, and indentured servitude. India has made regular progress in financial phrases since 1947, India’s independence from the British empire. The financial system’s dimension and rise in gross home product (GDP) are meaningless if atypical residents proceed to be disfranchised, not protected, and liberated from the colonial processes. For India’s sovereign financial growth, there isn’t a choice however to make investments in long-term and rebuild the civilization and construct a system of the indigenous Indian information financial system based mostly on the core ideas and values of the Indian civilization.

Sovereign Credit Default Swap and Stock Markets in Central and Eastern European Countries: Are Feedback Effects at Work?


The objective of the paper is to examine the relationship between sovereign Credit Default Swap (CDS) and inventory markets in 9 rising economies from Central and Eastern Europe (CEE), utilizing every day knowledge over the interval January 2008-April 2018. The evaluation deploys a Vector Autoregressive mannequin, specializing in the path of Granger causality between the credit score and inventory markets. We discover proof of the presence of bidirectional suggestions between sovereign CDS and inventory markets in CEE nations.

The outcomes spotlight a switch entropy of danger from the non-public to public sector over the entire interval and respectively, from the public to non-public switch entropy of danger during the European sovereign debt disaster solely in Romania and Slovenia. Another discovering that deserves explicit consideration is that the linkage between the CDS spreads and inventory markets is time-varying and topic to regime shifts, relying on world monetary situations, similar to the sovereign debt disaster. By offering insights on the inter-temporal causality of the comovements of the CDS-stock markets, the paper has important sensible implications for danger administration practices and regulatory insurance policies, underneath totally different market situations of European rising economies.

Migrant in my own country: The long march of migrant workers in India during the COVID-19 pandemic 2020-Failure of postcolonial governments to decolonize Bihar and rebuild Indian civilization after 1947

Sovereignty, privateness, and ethics in blockchain-based id administration programs


Self-sovereign id (SSI) options carried out on the foundation of blockchain expertise are seen as options to present digital identification programs, and even as a basis of requirements for the new world infrastructures for id administration programs. It is argued that ‘self-sovereignty’ in this context will be understood as the idea of particular person management over id related non-public knowledge, capability to select the place such knowledge is saved, and the capacity to present it to those that want to validate it.

It can also be argued that whereas it is perhaps interesting to operationalise the idea of ‘self-sovereignty’ in a slim technical sense, depreciation of ethical semantics obscures key challenges and long-term repercussions. Closer consideration to the normative substance of the ‘sovereignty’ idea helps to spotlight a spread of moral points pertaining to the altering nature of human id in the context of ubiquitous non-public knowledge assortment.

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The investigation of the systemic significance of monetary establishments (SIFIs) has develop into a sizzling matter in the discipline of monetary danger administration. By making full use of 5-min high-frequency knowledge, and with the assist of the technique of entropy weight approach for order desire by similarities to preferrred resolution (TOPSIS), this paper builds bounce volatility spillover community of China’s monetary establishments to measure the SIFIs. ; (iii) an fascinating discovering reveals that some small monetary establishments are additionally SIFIs during the monetary disaster and can’t be ignored.

Biochemical terrorism: the medical threat in the twenty-first century

Biochemical terrorism: the medical threat in the twenty-first century

orever modified the panorama surrounding terrorism. The oceans now not protected the USA from terrorists. And as incidences within the Philippines, Spain, Iraq, and different corners of the globe have discovered, no place on the planet will be thought-about risk-free. Sadly, not solely should the world be involved with acts of violence and destruction, but additionally with the specter of a extra insidious nature-chemical and organic terrorism.

In accordance with a March 29, 2004, article within the New York Instances, the Pentagon launched elements of an unclassified doc suggesting that the USA is “woefully ill-prepared to detect and reply to a bioterrorist assault.”

Biochemical terrorism: the medical threat in the twenty-first century
Biochemical terrorism: the medical risk within the twenty-first century

On this article, our authors supply us a first-hand window into an necessary and regrettably mandatory space of drugs that would have an effect on us each as physicians and residents within the twenty-first century.Fig 1 –The Editors Biochemical terrorism-the deliberate dispersion of viruses, micro organism, fungi, and natural or inorganic toxin brokers, to kill, mutilate, and create chaos-is an actual risk that each one international locations should address at this time.

Each sovereign nations and terror organizations now have the aptitude to provide and use biochemical brokers, and a few of them have already demonstrated their eagerness to take action. The event of prompt communication has been an additional inducement to the terrorists. Every occasion is reported virtually instantly within the media, bringing recognition and status to the executors (1-3).

Aristotelia chilensis ([Molina], Stuntz) a member of the household Eleocarpaceae, is a plant native to Chile that’s distributed in tropical and temperate Asia, Australia, the Pacific Space, and South America. The juice of its berries has necessary medicinal properties, as an astringent, tonic, and antidiarrhoeal.

Its many qualities make the maqui berry the undisputed sovereign of the household of so-called “superfruits”, in addition to a beneficial software to fight mobile irritation of bones and joints. Not too long ago, it’s found that the leaves of the maqui berry have necessary antibacterial and antitumour actions. This overview supplies a complete overview of the standard use, phytochemistry, and organic exercise of A.

chilensis utilizing data collected from scientific journals, books, and digital searches. Anthocyanins, different flavonoids, alkaloids, cinnamic acid derivatives, benzoic acid derivatives, different bioactive molecules, and mineral parts are summarized. A broad vary of actions of plant extracts and fractions are offered, together with antioxidant exercise, inhibition of seen light-induced injury of photoreceptor cells, inhibition of α-glucosidase, inhibition of pancreatic lipase, anti-diabetic results, anti-inflammatory results, analgesic results, anti-diabetes, efficient prevention of atherosclerosis, promotion of hair progress, anti-photo ageing of the pores and skin, and inhibition of lipid peroxidation.

Though some ethnobotanical makes use of have been supported in in vitro experiments, additional research of the person compounds or chemical lessons of compounds answerable for the pharmacological results and the mechanisms of motion are mandatory. As well as, the toxicity and the unwanted effects from using A. chilensis, in addition to medical trials, require consideration.

Hydroxyapatite (HAP) has sovereign biomedical software attributable to its glorious biocompatibility, chemical and crystallographic similitude with pure human bone. On this current work, we mentioned concerning the function of pH within the synthesis of calcium phosphate compound utilizing calcium nitrate tetrahydrate and di-ammonium hydrogen phosphate as beginning supplies by chemical precipitation technique assisted with ultrasonic irradiation method.

5% polyethylene glycol (PEG600) is added together with the precursors below numerous pH situation of seven, 9 and 11 respectively. The practical group evaluation, crystallized measurement and fraction of crystallized measurement are confirmed utilizing Fourier Transformation Infra-Crimson spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction sample. Morphological observations are achieved by scanning electron microscope. The outcomes revealed the presence of nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite at pH above 9.